What Is the Darknet?
A lot of people are puzzled about what the darknet is exactly. First of all, it can be confused with the deep web, that part of the Internet which cannot be reached by search engines. Experts say the deep web is multiple times larger than the surface web (the Internet as we know it).
The dark web (or dark net) makes up a small portion of the deep web. Its contents are not reachable through search engines, but more than that, it is known as the anonymous Internet. Within the dark net, website publishers as well as web surfers are totally anonymous. Though big government agencies can theoretically trace people’s activities in this anonymous space, the process is extremely difficult, needs a huge amount of resources, and isn’t always effective.
On the other hand, accessing the hidden Internet is amazingly easy. The most common way of doing it is through a service known as Tor (or TOR), which stands for The Onion Router. Technically savvy users may find several ways of configuring and using Tor, but for ordinary folks, it can also be as hassle-free as installing a new browser.
The Tor browser can even be used to surf the surface web in private, providing the user added protection against all possible threats, from hacking to government spying to corporate data theft. It also enables you visit websites that are published anonymously on the Tor network, which are inaccessible to anyone not using Tor. This is undeniably one of the biggest as well as most popular parts of the darknet. Tor website addresses are very different from common URLs in that they include arbitrary-looking character strings and end with .onion.
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Another privacy network termed I2P (the Invisible Internet Project) has grown in popularity recently. Tor has remained very popular, but there also seems to be a shift towards I2P, where users get such improvements as integrated secure email and file storage/sharing plug-ins, as well as integrated social features like blogging and chat. Many Tor users also like to add an extra layer of protection by using a virtual private network, or VPN. While no one can see you doing what you do online using an onion router, surveillance entities do see that you are using Tor. In 2014, there was talk that the NSA was tagging Tor users as extremists or persons of interest. While that could be a very long list without any evidence of what will be done with it, it is something everyone would like to avoid. When a VPN is used to connect to Tor, this problem automatically ceases to exist because then, nobody would even know that the person is using Tor.Why People Think Resources Are A Good Idea